Nestled in the southeast corner of New Hampshire, Pelham was incorporated on July 5, 1746. The land that became Pelham had been part of Nottingham, Massachusetts to the west and Dracut, Massachusetts to the east. With the boundary between New Hampshire and Massachusetts in dispute until 1741, settlement of Pelham, even after her incorporation, proceeded slowly.
A part of Hillsborough County since 1824, Pelham has proudly upheld the New England tradition of government by town meeting and Board of Selectmen for the past 250+ years. Pelham's men and women have served our country in all of its wars, from the Revolution to the Gulf War of 1991. She has sent one of her sons, William Richardson, to sit on New Hampshire's Supreme Court.
Pelham was a farming community for most of her existence; however, with the growth of the town after World War II, Pelham's agrarian lifestyle disappeared. The Grange ceased to be a part of Pelham's community life by the late 1970s, and although most farming in Pelham has now ceased, Pelham retains her quiet, rural character. This is due in part to her geography; Pelham is insulated from the major waterways and highways that have brought industry to neighboring towns and cities on New Hampshire's Southern border.
This excerpt was taken from "Reflections, A Pictorial History Of Pelham, New Hampshire 1746 - 1996", Published by The Pelham 250th Anniversary Committee, copyright 1998.